Peru, biggest potato producer

Known as the birthplace of potatoes, Peru contains the largest “papa” diversity in the world. Around 7,000 years old of evolution and farming cleverness of Incas enabled the emergence of more than 4,000 varieties of potatoes with different shapes, tastes, colors and properties. The “papa” has been an essential element of Peruvian food for a thousand years. But some varieties of potatoes disappeared because of climate and politic hazards. Today, the International Potato Centre (CIP), based in Lima, is the main scientific potato research center of the world. In Peru, the CIP reintroduces varieties that disappeared in Andean mountains in order to increase the diversity of potatoes cultivated in the region and to enable small farmers from the Andes Mountains to increase their income.